Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Song: The male song is highly variable, but usually consists of a series of short notes, followed by a longer trill. The trill is most often higher pitched than the rest. Countless phonetic renderings of this familiar song have been offered in the literature. A few of the most common are conqueree, oak-a-lee, and gur-gel-lee.

The male song is usually accompanied by the Songspread display, in which the male leans forward, lowers its wings, and prominently displays its red epaulets (Stokes 1979).

Red-winged Blackbird male song, April 24, 2011. Vernon Marsh, Waukesha County, Wisconsin.


Stokes, Donald W. 1979. A Guide to the Behavior of Common Birds. Little, Brown and Company, Boston.